Gustave Caillebotte Outed?

Gustave Caillebotte 'Rainy Day'
Gustave Caillebotte’s iconic ‘Paris, Rainy Day’

One of the most prolific and remarkable 19th century Impressionist painters Gustave Caillebotte (1848-1894) flew under the radar for close to a hundred years. Unlike his famous peers (Manet, Monet, Degas, Renoir) Caillebotte did not offer his paintings for sale during his lifetime, and after his death, his oeuvre stayed in the bosom of the family for generations. 

The National Gallery of Art in DC is currently exhibiting one of the largest collections of his work ever gathered under one roof. The opening lecture by curator and head of the department of French paintings, Mary Morton, touched upon a number of revelatory facts about Caillebotte’s work that led me to think that the artist may well be celebrating last week’s Supreme Court ruling on gay marriage, albeit from the grave.

Man at his bath
‘Man at his bath’

Ms. Morton didn’t go as far as hypothesizing that Caillebotte may have been gay but she did point out his unconventional approach to popular subject matter. Lots of artists at the time were painting women at their ‘toilette’ but Caillebotte’s Man at his bath (above and below) definitely broke with convention. 

Caillebotte II

Ms. Morton also pointed out that Caillebotte’s only interior cafe scene differed from those of his peers in that the central and seated figures are men. The standing figure is definitely checking out the other two guys.
Caillebotte IVAnother very popular painting subject was the pleasurable boating party usually depicting couples enjoying a balmy afternoon on the water. Caillebotte’s painting seats the viewer right in the boat with a rather hunky male specimen. 

Caillebotte IIIMs. Morton also spoke about the rise in prostitution – both male and female – that became endemic in the newly urbanized Paris following the city’s unprecedented Haussmanian renovation of the 1850’s. Caillebotte never married. And now I can’t help looking at his most famous painting ‘The Floor Scrapers’ (below) with a different eye. Those bare muscled torsos may have had as much of an appeal for Caillebotte as they do for this artist!

Gustave Caillebotte 'The Floor Scrapers'
Gustave Caillebotte ‘The Floor Scrapers’

In fact, walking through the magnificent exhibition at the National Gallery, the rich paintings reflect a noticeable absence of women in the place of beautifully executed and composed paintings exuding male camaraderie. It matters not one iota to me what Caillebotte’s sexual orientation may have been but if indeed he were gay, the social mores of his day would have forced him into the closet. I therefore salute the Supreme Court for upholding laws that will hopefully allow people to live without fear of reprisal as a result of their choice of sexual partner.

Game of Bezique
‘Game of Bezique’ – featuring friends of Caillebotte’s, many of whom never married

The exhibition is on view in Washington DC through October 4, 2015.

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